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Foot Massage

Best Practices for Foot Care for Elderly People

As we age, many changes take place in our bodies, including our feet. With decreased circulation, thinner skin, and changes in bone density, our feet require special attention and care. Here are some best practices for foot care for elderly people.


 Regular Foot Check-Ups

The first and foremost rule of foot care for elderly individuals is regular check-ups. It is important to keep a check on the health of their feet by examining them every day, so they can identify any potential problems early on. Older people may have difficulty reaching their feet or seeing them, so it is important to make sure someone assists them with this task. Check for cuts, bruises, blisters, corns, and ingrown toenails. If an elderly person experiences difficulty when checking their own feet, or there is any sign of a problem, they should seek the assistance of a foot care nurse.


Appropriate Foot Hygiene

Foot hygiene is not only important for overall foot health but also for preventing infections or complications for elderly people. Encouraging foot hygiene with regular washing and drying is essential. Seniors should avoid using hot water, which can cause burns or make the skin lose natural oils, leading to dryness and itchiness. Elderly individuals should avoid soaking their feet due to the potential risk of infections that can occur. After washing, the feet should be dried thoroughly, especially between the toes, to prevent fungal growth. Also, it is important to ensure that they apply lotion, petroleum jelly, or other emollients to soothe dry skin, prevent cracking, and avoid bacteria growth.


Proper Footwear Selection

Proper footwear is essential for seniors as it helps in the prevention of injuries while providing stability and support. Shoes that provide a good fit, support, and extra cushioning are highly recommended for elderly people. Shoes that have a wide toe box and low heel are also recommended. Additionally, they should wear socks made of natural fibers such as cotton or wool, to help wick moisture away from the skin. This prevents fungal growth that can cause infections.


Exercise and Activity

Regular exercise can reverse the negative effects of aging on the feet and improve circulation. It is important for seniors to have a regular exercise routine that includes walking, stretching exercises, and foot massage. This helps alleviate pressure on the feet, improve overall health, and maintain foot flexibility. Inactivity can lead to circulatory problems, muscle weakness, and reduced joint mobility. It is also important to remember that feet get tired and swollen over time; therefore, a comfortable exercise routine with appropriate footwear is essential to prevent injuries.

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